Highlights of the Hampstead Neighbourhood Plan 2018-2033
Empowered by the Localism Act of 2011, the Hampstead Neighbourhood Plan will shape how Hampstead develops for the next 15 years. The Plan reflects views expressed through numerous local consultations and has been written by residents. It is a statutory planning document that will carry equal weight to the Camden Local Plan.
1. Design & Heritage
The Plan frames Hampstead to consist of five ‘character areas’: development that fails to respect and enhance the character of an area and the way it functions will not be supported. Similarly, the Plan identifies thirteen important views: planning will need to should show how they protect and enhance these views.
The Plan sets new criteria for Design and Access statements, guidance on street furniture, lighting and paving and emphasises the importance of permeability in larger developments, avoiding lockable gates and fencing.
Policy DH1: Design
Proposals should demonstrate how they respond and contribute to character of local areas, safeguard amenity of neighbours and protect and enhance important views. Criteria include safeguarding amenity and privacy of neighbours, protecting and enhancing views and incorporating permeability in new designs.
Includes new criteria for Design and Access Statements.
Policy DH2: Conservation Areas & listed buildings
Provides greater protection for conservation areas and listed buildings. Developments should take advantage of opportunities to enhance and restore features that make a positive contribution to Conservation Areas.
Policy DH3: The Urban Realm
Developments must conform to guidance regarding street furniture, lighting, paving, etc.
2. Natural Environment
The Plan affords significant new protection to Hampstead’s trees, green spaces and biodiversity. It newly designates fourteen Local Green Spaces that will be protected from harm by development. These include, for example, the ‘World Peace Garden’ on South Hill Park, Branch Hill allotments and Burgh House Gardens. Also given new protection are veteran and other trees, tree lines and biodiversity corridors – eleven such corridors are designated in which ecological systems are to be protected.
Throughout Hampstead, developments are encouraged to use restrained exterior lighting, increase tree canopy cover and use permeable surfaces.
NE1: Local Green Spaces
Designates 14 new sites as Local Green Spaces that development must not harm.
Further protects veteran and other trees, and encourages future planting.
NE3: Ecological Networks
Identifies 11 ‘biodiversity corridors’ in which ecological systems and tree lines are to be protected.
NE4: Supporting biodiversity
Developments encouraged to use restrained exterior lighting, increase canopy cover and use permeable surfaces.
Developments should protect priority habitats, species and movement of wildlife
The Plan addresses the impact on neighbours and the local environment, both during and after construction through more stringent basement construction and basement management plans. Recommends that work on basements takes place on weekdays only and high impact work only during specified hours.
It also sets forth additional steps and guidance for basement impact assessments and establishes a 15m protection zone for veteran trees and historic tree lines.
BA1: Local requirements for Basement Impact Assessment
Prohibits any basement development where damage would exceed 1 on the Burland Scale
Provides protection for veteran trees, historic tree lines.
BA2: Basement Construction Plan
Obliges proposals to identify, anticipate and address any potential harm to neighbours or the environment.
BA3: Construction Management Plan
Requires development to minimise negative impact of construction.
4. Traffic and Transport
The Plan stipulates that major developments such as new schools should only be permitted in areas where there is high availability of public transport. At present, according to Transport for London’s measurement system, availability of public transport in Hampstead is well below the highest level. Thus, the Plan will create pressure over time for improvements in the supply of public transport commensurate with new development, which should in turn reduce the volume of traffic, especially during the school run.
The Plan supports development that contributes to a reduction in vehicle construction and pollution. In addition, the Plan seeks to limit the impact of heavy goods, construction and delivery vehicles by limiting their size both during construction and afterwards. Any exceptions must be documented. The cumulative impact of construction on air quality and pollution must be taken into account and mitigated.
TT1: Traffic volumes and vehicle size
Supports development that reduces traffic and pollution. Limits the impact of heavy goods and construction vehicles.
TT2: Pedestrian environments
Supports development that improves the pedestrian environment, avoiding unnecessary clutter and barriers, and encourages cycling.
TT3: Public transport
Development for schools and other large developments may only be possible in areas where there is high public transport availability.
TT4: Cycle and car ownership
Specifies enhanced off-street cycle storage provisions for new residential developments, as long as can be sympathetically realised.
The Plan supports the preservation of small retail shops and the use of first floor premises for office and retail units. It resists the conversion of offices and retail units above shops to residential use, helping to ensure that Hampstead and South End Green remain lively and dynamic. New shopfront proposals are to follow guidelines on design and signage.
EC1: Healthy retail mix
Supports development that provides office and retail uses on the first floor and preserves small retail and shop uses
Resists the change of use from retail and businesses to residential above shops.
EC2: Contributing positively to the retail environment
Supports shopfront development that contributes positively. New shopfront proposals must follow list of design and signage measures.
6. Housing and Community
The Plan supports the development of social, affordable, intermediate and community-led housing, as well as the inclusion of smaller dwellings in new non-social developments. It also resists the loss of existing smaller units in non-social developments.
Other provisions aim to ensure that Hampstead remains a healthy, caring community by resisting the loss of important community facilities and encouraging street life by providing accessible, well-lit, welcoming public spaces. The Plan encourages using the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL), a tax on developers, to improve community facilities and spaces.
HC1: Housing Mix
Supports development of more affordable housing and resists the loss of smaller units in non-social developments.
HC2: Community facilities
Protects community facilities and further loss of facilities for older and vulnerable people.
HC3: Enhancing street life through the public realm
Supports development that creates accessible, well-lit, welcoming public spaces.